The choice of a style solution is a task, the importance of which cannot be overestimated, because mood, efficiency, convenience and comfort depend on the right design of the room.
The choice of a style solution is a task whose importance can hardly be overestimated, because the mood, efficiency, convenience and comfort of your life depend on the right design of the room.
In this article, we understand the variety of existing styles and identify the key features of each of the modern interior design styles.
All interior styles can be conditionally divided into three groups:
- historical styles (characterized by the commonality of figurative systems, means of artistic expression and creative techniques that existed in certain historical epochs. In modern implementation, historical styles can appear only as a stylization of one or another architectural direction)
2.modern styles (based on contrastingly compared in one row of features (color, material, specificity of details), but forming integrity in other terms)
- ethnic styles (reflect the national characteristics of the design of the premises of a particular country. They are determined by cultural traditions, the way of life of people, which, in turn, are determined by the geographical location of the country and climatic conditions)
Consider the most popular modern styles
- Art Deco / Art Deco (from French – decorative art). The style is a synthesis of such styles: modern, neoclassicism with elements of cubism and constructivism. The main differences of this style are various geometric shapes: circles, ovals, triangles, polyhedrons, as well as smooth curvilinear shapes. Expensive wood, black lacquer, chrome, ivory and mother-of-pearl decorations, animal skins, mirrors with frames in the form of the sun or octahedrons are used in the interior design. An excellent background for this are light pastel walls, plain or with a characteristic pattern, or light wood panels.
- Eco-style unites and borrows forms and ideas from such styles: natural ornaments – in Art Nouveau style, appliances and electronics hidden behind cabinets and screens are the idea of high-tech and minimalism styles, the use of natural materials – from Japanese style and country. The main features of the style: the use of natural materials, naturalness and simplicity, indoor plants in large quantities, the color palette of “natural materials”. The choice of color can be compared with the 4 natural elements – water, fire, air and earth.
- Kitsch. The style can be described in one phrase: “Unleash your madness!” The style has many features of its own, its essence is organized chaos, the use of inexpensive materials, bright, flashy and sometimes even vulgar colors. The main characteristics of the style: extravagance, cloying and creativity. Country, classics, futurism, all elements of decor, interior, must come into some kind of conflict. Kitsch is distinguished by the use of bright colors, mixing of sometimes incompatible ornaments and prints, demonstration of defiant art objects. Decor items can contradict each other, and colors can strongly contrast. The kitsch-style interior is shocking and slightly shocking.
- Hi-tech (from English “high technology” – high technologies). High-tech style in the interior is a symbol of functionality, brevity and simplicity. The characteristic features of the style are the frequent use of concrete, metal, glass and plastic. The interior decorated in high-tech style lacks prints, posters, abundant decor. Instead of decorative elements – shine of metal and play of light. A minimum of furniture is used in the room, which should be functional, and kitchen appliances are built-in, chrome plated. All the few pieces of furniture are of a high quality.
- Loft is a minimum of partitions, a maximum of space. The color scheme of the interior is cold shades. A distinctive feature of the style color palette is the color or textured contrast of the walls. For example, three walls in a room are brick and the fourth is covered with metal plaster, this approach distributes the zones in the room. Indoors, furniture is as simple and functional as possible, large windows and almost no decor. What looks like a flaw in other styles: brick ledges, plastered walls, plank floor, is the highlight of this style. To create a loft-style interior, an appropriate room is needed, which will remain completely open, only the places of amenities and the bedroom are probed. The windows should, if possible, remain open to preserve the illumination and emphasize the spaciousness, bricks and micro-cement are used on the walls, boards or the area are poured on the floor with concrete, industrial lamps and various technical lighting devices are hung everywhere. An integral part of the loft is contemporary art: furniture, paintings, sculptures, installations, etc.
- Modern (aka “Art Nouveau”, Jugendstil, Vienna Secession). A distinctive feature of the style is the climbing plant or the flowing S-shaped lines, which determine the appearance of everything, from the structure of the building to the interior decoration and decor. In the interior of the Art Nouveau style, dynamics is felt, everything twists, intertwines and, as if, fluctuates. Almost every detail of the interior has a curved line: doors, windows, furniture, decorative elements. Modern is the complete opposite of monumentality, immobility and massiveness. The design uses stained glass (the most recognizable element of the style), wood carving, wall painting with floral ornaments, fancy forged products, curved frames and furniture, intricate draperies and lambrequins on the windows. As a rule, soft shades are used that are as close to natural as possible: white, beige, mustard, olive, blue, brown, marsh green, as well as silver and gold. Modern creates a romantic atmosphere, respectively, the style is characterized by dim and dim lighting. Luminaires made of colored and frosted glass are often used. Modern is distinguished by the use of materials such as noble wood, glass, stone, marble, ceramics, expensive fabrics and wrought iron.
- Minimalism. It is characterized by laconic expressiveness, simplicity, precision and clarity of composition. An interior in the style of minimalism implies spatial freedom, multi-level good lighting, natural materials are used, mostly untreated and with a rough texture, no decor and simple laconic forms, only the most necessary items are used. The color palette is light, based on the play of halftones, a lot of white, which is emphasized by black and gray. The minimalist palette is complemented by natural tones of wood, metal and brick. Preference is given to the use of built-in storage furniture, multifunctional items and transformers. The decoration uses pronounced textures of natural materials, in combination with plastic, glass, concrete, aluminum. The windows are as open as possible for the penetration of sunlight, blinds and light transparent fabrics are used.
- Pop Art. The style is associated with colorful posters, bold texture combinations, comics, Merlin Monroe portraits and replication, fun 60s. In a room of this style, all walls differ from each other in color, texture or decor style. The standard base is white painted walls, contrasting with bright posters or creative graffiti. Wallpaper can be easily combined with newspaper sheets, plaster with painting. Pop art does not accept expensive luxurious furniture made from natural materials. In this style, it is fashionable to use furniture made of bright plastic. In a pop-art style interior, an ordinary wardrobe is usually replaced by niches or a built-in wardrobe. Furniture with a glossy texture and shiny surfaces are an integral attribute of style. The pop art style uses both natural materials and artificial ones. This is quite an inexpensive style, as it is based on plastic, synthetics, paper, metal and glass.
- Classics. The classic interior is built on symmetrical compositions and clear forms. The style is characterized by harmony, symmetry and expensive, high-quality materials of all details, from finishing materials to accessories. Mandatory decorative elements: figurines, candlesticks, chandeliers with pendants, moldings, paintings and mirrors. The color scheme is calm, without flashy shades, mainly beige and cream colors, although there may be exceptions. For the classic style, a sense of wealth, solemnity and grace is important. The decoration uses painting and friezes, and also, depending on the purpose of the room, columns and semi-columns are used in the decoration, which give the room the grandeur of a palace apartment. In the design of the room in the classic style, much attention is paid to furniture, it is massive, but at the same time elegant. Furniture, most often, is made of valuable wood species, as they are able to emphasize the elegance and respectability of the entire interior. Furniture upholstery made of cotton, silk, satin in noble discreet colors with an unobtrusive pattern.
And in conclusion, we note that it is rare to find an interior in a pure style. Harmonious mixing of different styles gives the greatest effect.
After all, the main thing is that the room should always be cozy and warm for those who live and work in it.